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From the Archives | Nic Pizzolatto’s Louisiana

Five years ago, after the debut of his sensational and award-winning television series “True Detective,” its creator and showrunner Nic Pizzolatto sat down with Lamar White, Jr. to discuss one of the show’s main characters, the state of Louisiana.

Today, with the debut of Season Three of “True Detective,” the Bayou Brief is republishing the interview in its entirety.


Publisher’s Note: This interview was originally published on Jan. 24th, 2014 on CenLamar, my long-running personal “blog” site that I shuttered after launching The Bayou Brief. We are republishing the interview in full, with edits for formatting and context. 

Tonight, HBO is airing the two-part premier of Season Three, which has already received rave reviews and has been consistently described as a brilliant “return to form.” Season Three was filmed in Arkansas, where Pizzolatto attended graduate school and stars Oscar and Golden Globe-winning actor Mahershala Ali. 

Readers of the Bayou Brief are likely familiar with Nic’s younger brother Nath, who serves as our sports editor and covers Saints football. Last year, Nath spent some time in Arkansas working with his brother, behind the scenes, on Season Three. If you’re hoping for spoilers or advanced reviews though, you’re out of luck: Nath is sworn to secrecy. 


When I was an undergrad, my friend’s brother Nic became famous. Put more precisely, he became famous among my classmates in Rice University’s English Department: The Atlantic bought and published two of his short stories, and this was, as Vice President Biden would say, “a big fucking deal,” bigger than anything I could have ever imagined for myself as a wannabe fiction writer who also happened to be from Louisiana.

I thought his stories were perfect and beautiful and maddeningly true. He would later publish a collection of short stories, and in some of those, he wrote about the Louisiana that I knew, the forgotten parts of the state that could be both magical and dystopian. I envied him for being so diligent, so precise, for giving away the beginning, the middle, and the ending of the same kind of stories I’d wanted to tell. And, of course, for getting published in The Atlantic.

But these were also his stories. They never belonged to me, and truth be told: He is a better writer than I am.

At the time, Nic was also a graduate student in the same creative writing program in Fayetteville, Arkansas as my first cousin Paul White III and his wife Jen, which made our worlds seem even smaller to me, and also made me feel even more loyal to Nic’s work.

We had only met once, over a weekend of debauchery in Las Vegas (Nath had finished in second place at a “bracelet” event in the World Series of Poker), but I believed Nic understood Louisiana, all of it, the same way I did. 

His first novel, Galveston, confirmed that to me. I sank into it; I was hooked, and Nic and I have remained friends.

Brothers and Lake Charles, LA natives Nic and Nath Pizzolatto (L-R). Courtesy: The Pizzolatto family. 

Because of Nic’s HBO show True Detective, he has been lauded as a genius writer. I knew that more than a decade ago, when his first story in The Missouri Review about a boy going to a horse race with his alcoholic father reduced me to tears.



Jan. 24th, 2014

Lamar: In the premiere (of Season One), while driving through the dystopia of Erath, Louisiana, there’s an exchange between Hart and Cohle that I found fascinating and provocative.

Cohle: “People out here, it’s like they don’t even know the outside world exists, might as well be living on the fucking moon.”

Hart: “There’s all kind of ghettos in the world.”

Cohle: “It’s all one ghetto, man, a giant gutter in outer space.”

Whose side are you on? Is it all one big ghetto? Or are there all kinds of ghettos in the world?

Nic: Well, that’s the scene where the show firmly announces it is not what you might’ve expected. I’m not on either character’s side. I let the characters speak for themselves and I speak for myself. My own suspicions about the nature of reality are not articulated by Cohle or Hart. And, you know, I don’t speak like either one.

Woody Harrelson and Matt McConaughey on  “True Detective” Season One. 

Lamar: But is there something special and unique about the slums of rural southwestern Louisiana?

Nic: Rural Southwestern Louisiana means something to me because it’s where I grew up and its imagery and culture stayed inside me long after I left, so a lot of dense layering- materially, visually, thematically –was not only possible, but very personal to me. I think, too, these areas are part of the wide ‘unknown’ America, the fly-over places where economic and cultural gulfs are waiting to be explored for what they might tell us about ourselves as a whole.

Lamar: I understand you had initially intended on setting True Detective in rural Arkansas and were enticed back to Louisiana, in part, because the incentives the state provides for film projects. As you may know, Hollywood South has not been without its critics, many of whom suggest that the State is not really receiving anything of economic benefit in exchange. I’m not trying to get you into any trouble here, but I’m curious if you have an opinion on the value of Louisiana’s film incentives, if you think that Louisiana is actually investing in a lasting industry and lasting jobs or if we’re just engaging in a type of “race to the bottom”? That is, what happens if a state like Michigan, for example, offers twice as much in tax incentives and credits as Louisiana?

Nic: Well, there’s no question we moved it to Louisiana for tax incentives, but there were other states we could have chosen. I chose Louisiana so that I could take full possession of everything I’d ever wanted to explore and portray about the place. So it was fortunate, in that it actually brought the work to a more personal place with me.

As for the future of the Louisiana film business, I don’t have enough working knowledge of its history and prospects to really comment, but yes, I’d think that when the incentives drop or other, better ones are offered by other states, the industry would totally migrate to those places, the same way it migrated to Louisiana. There’s also the idea of just having shot-out a place. If most movies and a lot of TV in the last years have been set in Louisiana, which has a very particular look, then it stands to reason people will be getting tired of seeing it.

But my whole life there it was always something— the petroleum industries, the riverboat casino gambling, the film industry –that was finally going to lift Louisiana out of nearly last place and provide some kind of economic future for its children.

What money there was didn’t seem to go to the right places, though, and the entertainment industry is as tough and fickle a place to do business as any. So maybe just take all that into consideration.

Lamar: As you know, I’ve been a fan of your writing for years. I actually published a review of your first novel, Galveston. In a recent profile, a reporter referred to you as a “former novelist.” Have you really decided to stop writing books?

Nic: God, no: I’ll always write fiction, and I have many books left to write, I hope, and some plays and other things. The books are off to the side, patiently waiting for me to lose my HBO job. At which point I’ll get back to the business of novels.

Lamar: When you grew up in Louisiana, we were a blue state with a Democratic governor and Democratic legislature. Now, Louisiana is considered a deep red state, with a Republican supermajority and a Republican governor. In your estimation, has Louisiana really changed all that much, or did it just take people a couple of decades to figure out that they were actually Republicans?

Nic: I’m shocked to recall we were a blue state. I don’t think the rest of the country would’ve considered it blue, no matter the name of the party in control. That might be my personal experience as around my family and peer groups, from birth to college, it was all deeply conservative and religious. On the surface, at least.

Everything only on the surface.

Lamar: What is your relationship like with the state today? You’ve obviously been drawn to it in your work, and you write about the “Dirty Coast” better than just about anyone on the planet. It’s interesting to me, because it’d be easy to label you as a “romantic,” but the truth is, I think, you seem more interested in “de-romanticizing” than anything else.

The Louisiana in your book and in “True Detective” is gritty and dirty and poor. Although some may say it’s also “gothic,” it’s not the Louisiana most people from outside of the state are familiar with. Do you think this is because you’re from Lake Charles- a part of the state very rarely written about- or is it reflective of a larger impulse? A way of illuminating by demystifying?

Nic: I guess the answer I would provide is that I am interested in de-mystifying and seeing a place and people clearly, but that I see such a compulsion as the only way we honor anything, the only way we honor reality, to attempt seeing it unvarnished and then to love it or not.

You’ll see the same landscape more or less that I traversed in ‘Galveston’, and these are all the places I knew from where I lived and traveled. But remember that we just photographed what was there.

We didn’t build any houses or refineries, and we stayed in a localized region (the same way the detectives do). I see de-mystifying as a romantic gesture, an impulse toward the true, even if the mechanics of that impulse are reached through the imagination.

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